First the Fourteenth, which follows here:
This amendment was added to the Constitution immediately after the Civil War as a direct remedy to what the southern states were trying to do to abridge the rights of former slaves. The amendment has 5 sections. Section 1 states that anyone born in the territory of the United States was henceforth a U.S. citizen. The sole purpose of this was to keep former slave owners from denying former slaves citizenship, and all of the rights and protections therein. This is also the section which gave us the concept of anchor babies about a hundred years later. This is the reason that a lot of conservative groups are for repealing this amendment. The practice of illegal aliens crossing the border illegally during the 39th week of pregnancy in order to have their children be able to claim citizenship is well beyond what the authors of this amendment had in mind for us, 150 years later. whether or not a person agrees or disagrees with repealing this amendment, there are two things any thinking person would have to agree to. One, discussion of the amendment is at least not just a crazy waste of time. Two, an amendment added specifically for the purposes of post Civil War reconstruction, has lost some of its usefulness, just because we are 150 years past the Civil War. There are no longer any former slaves living today, there are no longer former officers in the Confederate Army who could possibly run for public office, There are no longer any Confederate Bonds which have been sold to foreign governments for the United States to deny payment on. P's assertion that this amendment was vital to the continuation of the USA is just plain silly.
On to the Seventeenth, which is more complicated of an issue. It requires a serious discussion of the direction we want to take our country. That discussion is necessary, but I am angered by a Vice President of the United States who considers people who want to hold that discussion as being ignorant cranks.
Read the Seventeenth here:
It is important to note that the original mandate for how Senators were picked. Senators were originally chosen by how each individual State Constitution provided. Most State Legislatures and or Governors chose the Senators without holding direct State elections. The reasoning for this was as follows. The Senator's mandate was to be the voices of individual States in the business of Federal Governance. The direct representatives of the people was with the House of Representatives. The Federal Government was checked in its power by the formation of the Senate. Ohio, for example, had a voice in the formation of Federal Legislation which the State of Ohio might find infringed on Ohio's rights as a State. By removing the voice of individual States, we have effectively removed the ability of individual States to be a check on the size, power, and scope of the Federal Government. As evidence of this, you need look no further than the last 90 years. As for me, I actually agree with repeal of the Seventeenth. I believe that a check on the Federal Government's ability to mandate itself more authority, size, scope is sorely needed. This amendment, more than anything ever legislated in this country has done more damage to our rights and protections guaranteed by our Founding Fathers. Calling me crazy for believing this is avoiding the debate, which I believe Joe Biden is probably afraid of losing.
UPDATE: I have heard some pushback that the 14th Amendment extends the Bill of Rights to the States. That somehow, the rights guaranteed under these Amendments only applied to the Federal Government prior to the 14th. This is of courst preposterous. Putting asside the fact that there is not one single case of these Amendments being ignored by any court in the land prior to the Civil War Reconstruction, Article VI also addresses this argument. Article VI follows: